The professor forgets that the CSA were not a monolithic, dictatorial structure as was the “union” under Lincoln, but rather a confederation of states as their name so aptly states. What the CSA adopted in 1864 had already been adopted by some member states as early as 1861. She doesn’t mention that now does she? In this day when “States Rights” is blasphemy to academia, they tend to overlook such matters unless it is used as a snide put-down of the TEA Party or the Founding Fathers. It just does not fit their world view of the proper central planning and governance by the “intellectually superior”.

Blacks served by the thousands in the Confederate States Army. Many dismiss their service as that of servants—attached to the Army, but not soldiers in the Army. But black Southerners served as soldiers in the Confederate Army, not simply with that Army.

Evidence of the service of black Southerners as regular soldiers includes proclamations by Southern State governors, and authorizations by Southern State legislatures, calling specifically for black soldiers. Near the close of the War the Confederate Government enlisted thousands of slaves as regular Confederate soldiers.

To the Confederate States Army, not the United States Army, goes the distinction of having the first black to minister to white troops. A Tennessee regiment had sought diligently for a chaplain, but had been unsuccessful until “Uncle Lewis,” who accompanied the regiment, was asked to conduct a religious service. Soldiers were so pleased that they asked Lewis to serve as their chaplain, which he did from the time of Pittsburgh Landing to war’s end. “He is heard with respectful attention and for earnestness, zeal, and sincerity, can be surpassed by none”– Religious Herald, 10 Sept 1863. To the men of the regiment as well as to the editors of the Richmond newspaper, the service of the black chaplain was a matter of great pride (Barrow, 2001).

The Tennessee Legislature Authorizes Male Persons of Color for Military Service

In June 1861, the Tennessee legislature authorized the governor to accept for military service all male persons of color between the ages of 15 and 50. By that time one Negro company from Nashville already had joined a white regiment in marching east to fight in Virginia (Wesley, 1927, p. 107; Barrow, 2001).

Footnoted Article here: Black Confederates: Southern Fantasy or Historical Fact? Part I

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